Review of Communication Research

BIOEVOLUTIONARY COMMUNICATION                                                                                                 

Title & Author

HUMANS ARE PEOPLE, TOO: NURTURING AN APPRECIATION FOR NATURE IN COMMUNICATION RESEARCH

Kory Floyd

Arizona State University, AZ, USA

Highlights

• Human social behavior, including communication behavior, is influenced by higher-order factors that remain largely unacknowledged in communication theory and research.

• Several communicative behaviors, including communication anxiety, conflict, emotional expression, and aggression, have strong biological ties.

• Most of the research on the biology of communication behavior is conducted outside of the communication discipline and remains unknown to communication scholars, even though the focus is on communication behavior.

• Ignorance of biology leads communication theory to be needlessly anthropocentric, offering human-specific explanations for behaviors that are not unique to humans.

• Communication research often ignores heritability and treats entities such as media and culture as though they were living organisms, when in fact they are human creations.

• Environmental influences such as enculturation, modeling, and media messages are powerful, but all environmental inf luences require biological factors to be effective.

Abstract

A growing literature illuminates the biological and evolutionary antecedents, consequences, and correlates of communication behavior. With few exceptions, however, the researc is conducted outside of the communication discipline and remains unknown within the communication field. This essay offers illustrative literature reviews for several communicative behaviors and argues that the communication discipline should embrace, rather than ignore, the bioevolutionary factors involved in human social behavior.

Content

DEFINING THE PROBLEM : LIFE BEFORE HOMO NARRANS

Who We Are

Biology in the Communication Field

COMMUNICATION AND BIOLOGY: A LOOK AT WHAT WE KNOW

Communication Apprehension/Public Speaking Anxiety

Public speaking is a stressor

Stress responses to public speaking vary individually

Affectionate Communication

Affectionate communication aids stress regulation

Affectionate behavior acts as a stress buffer

Affectionate communication accelerates recovery from elevated stress

Increasing affection provides health benefits

Conflict

Quality of marital conflict affects physiological health..

Physiological responses to marital conflict affect relationships

Social Support

Social support has health-protective effects

Social support can aid stress recovery and healing

Social support can increase physiological stress

Emotional Communication

Emotional expression induces emotional experience

Decoding impairment influences physiology

Aggression

BIOLOGY, WE IGNORE THEE AT OUR PERIL

Humans Are Animals Too

Parenting Is More Than Teaching

They Don’t Live Among Us

A WAY FORWARD

The End of Nature vs. Nurture

Using the Bio-Evolutionary Perspective

Conceptualize questions as bio-evolutionary

Craft hypothesis tests to rule out rival explanations

Consider context carefully

Collaborate when necessary

REFERENCES

COPYRIGHTS AND REPOSITORIES

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Humans Are People, Too: Nurturing an Appreciation for Nature in Communication Research

Kory Floyd

 

Keywords: Biology, Evolution, Social Behavior, Neuroscience, Immunology

 

  Filesize 493.38 KB Download 3015

How to cite

Floyd, K. (2014). Humans Are People, Too: Nurturing an Appreciation for Nature in Communication Research. Review of Communication Research, 2(1), 1-29. doi: 10.12840/issn.2255-4165.2014.02.01.001

Keywords

Biology, Evolution, Social Behavior, Neuroscience, Immunology

Repositories

Repositories where you can find this article:

Internet Archive (Community Texts) @ https://archive.org/details/texts

Academia.edu @ http://independent.academia.edu/ReviewofCommunicationResearch

Social Science Open Access Repository @ http://www.ssoar.info/en/home.html

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