Review of Communication Research

GROUP COMMUNICATION                                                                                                

Title & Authors

The Path to Cooperative Action during Group Social Dilemmas: A Literature Review, Set of Propositions, and Model Describing How the Opportunity to Communicate Encourages Cooperation

Charles Pavitt (University of Delaware, USA)

Highlights

• Defines the two types of social dilemmas; resource and public goods.

Describes the “cooperative mechanisms” of group identity, reciprocity and equity norms, and trust and trustworthiness, all critical for determining cooperation.

Reviews in detail the functions performed by an additional “cooperative mechanism,” communication, in terms both of the sheer opportunity to interact and the content of what is discussed.

• Depicts the impact of two other variables, most notably group size and social value orientation, on the cooperative mechanisms.

• Includes a model and set of propositions describing the relationships among relevant variables.

• Explores some areas for further research and eventual inclusion into the model.

Abstract

A social dilemma is a circumstance in which each of an aggregate of people must make an individual decision whether to acquire a short-term benefit for themselves or to forego some of that benefit for the long-term benefit of the aggregate.  The intent of this essay is to describe how communication, in terms of both the opportunity to talk and the content of what is said, interacts with other “cooperative mechanisms” – group identity, reciprocity and equity norms, and trust and trustworthiness – to largely determine individual cooperation versus defection.  Two variables with relatively complex impacts on the cooperative mechanisms – social value orientation and group size – are also discussed.  A model and set of propositions relating these variables are also included, and areas for further are explored.

Content

Introduction

Method

The Cooperative Mechanisms

Synopsis

Group Identity

Reciprocity and Equity Norms

Trust and Trustworthiness

Cooperation

Communication

Influences on the Cooperative Mechanisms

Social Value Orientation

Group Size

Model and Propositions

Input Before Discussion

Discussion Content

Output From Discussion

Process of Harvesting/Contributing

Beyond the Present Model

Conclusion

References

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The Path to Cooperative Action during Group Social Dilemmas: A Literature Review, Set of Propositions, and Model Describing How the Opportunity to Communicate Encourages Cooperation

Charles Pavitt

Keywords: Social dilemma, Resource dilemma, Public goods dilemma, Group identity, Social norms, Trust, Trustworthiness, Communication, Cooperation, Social value orientation, Group size;

 

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How to cite

Pavitt, C. (2018). The path to cooperative action during group social dilemmas: A literature review, set of propositions, and model describing how the opportunity to communicate encourages cooperation. Review of Communication Research, 6, prepublished version, doi:10.12840/issn.2255-4165.2018.06.01.016

Keywords

Social dilemma, Resource dilemma, Public goods dilemma, Group identity, Social norms, Trust, Trustworthiness, Communication, Cooperation, Social value orientation, Group size.

Repositories

Permanent repositories where you will find this article when officially published:

Internet Archive (Community Texts) @ https://archive.org/details/texts

Academia.edu @ http://independent.academia.edu/ReviewofCommunicationResearch

Social Science Open Access Repository @ http://www.ssoar.info/en/home.html

About the Author

Author biographical information:

Charles Pavitt is in his last year as a professor in the Department of Communication at the University of Delaware. Over his career, he has published three books and about 60 other works of various types, primarily in the areas of interpersonal and small group communication and communication theory. In addition, he has published both academically and in other outlets in the area of baseball analytics.

Personal website: Charles Pavitt

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